Kamis , 07 September 2017, 21:01 WIB

UN chief stresses responsibility to protect civilians

Red: Reiny Dwinanda
Mohammad Ponir Hossain/Reuters
Rohingya refugees got off the boat after sailing across the Bay of Bengal crossing the Bangladesh-Myanmar border in Teknaf, Bangladesh, on Wednesday (September 6).
Rohingya refugees got off the boat after sailing across the Bay of Bengal crossing the Bangladesh-Myanmar border in Teknaf, Bangladesh, on Wednesday (September 6).

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, UNITED NATIONS -- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Wednesday called for more efforts to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.

Civilians, including women and children, are being killed either deliberately or as victims of indiscriminate attacks, resulting in the high number of refugees and internally displaced people," Guterres told a UN General Assembly informal dialogue on the responsibility to protect civilians.

"We must do more, and we must do better, to reverse these negative trends," he said.

He said the United Nations must give greater attention to conflict prevention and he gave strong commitment to improving the capacity and coordination of the United Nations in atrocity prevention.

The responsibility to protect still generates some discomfort for a number of UN member states. The main concern is that the principle will be used to impose international approaches on national problems, in ways that may harm national sovereignty, he noted.

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"I have deep respect for national sovereignty. Indeed, the success of the United Nations in implementing its mandates depends on national actors being able to deliver on their sovereign responsibilities. Our shared challenge is to use the principle of the responsibility to protect to achieve the goals that were originally envisaged. I am convinced that open and constructive discussion among concerned states can overcome any remaining differences."

The UN member states have the primary responsibility to protect their populations, he said. "But should national authorities manifestly fail to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, then we must be prepared to take collective action, in accordance with the (UN) Charter, including Chapter VII, on a case-by-case basis."

Sumber : Antara