Jumat 24 Nov 2023 15:16 WIB

Why the Prophet Recommends Bathing Before Friday Prayer

Bathing before Friday prayer is the main sunnah

Rep: Umar Mukhtar / Red: Erdy Nasrul
Friday prayer at Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta (illustrated). Bathing before Friday prayers is the main sunnah
Foto: Republika/Putra M. Akbar
Friday prayer at Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta (illustrated). Bathing before Friday prayers is the main sunnah

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — One of the important things to do on Friday for every Muslim, is to take a bath.

This is the sunnah ordered by the Prophet Muhammad, as narrated by the hadith. In a hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas RA, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

Baca Juga

إنَّ هذا يومُ عيدٍ ، جعلَهُ اللَّهُ للمسلمينَ ، فمن جاءَ إلى الجمعةِ فليغتسل ، وإن كانَ طيبٌ فليمسَّ منْهُ ، وعليْكم بالسِّواك.

“Today is the day of Id, which Allah has made for Muslims. So when Friday comes, take a shower. If you have a fragrance, then use it, and it is advisable for you to clean it up.” (H.R. Ibn Majah, narrated from Abdullah bin Abbas RA)

The hadith contains the message that Friday is a holiday on which Muslims gather to perform the prayer service and listen to the khutbah of a khatib.

The Prophet (PBUH) also taught his people how to glorify or honor Friday. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was ordered to perform at his best on Friday.

The meaning of “Id” in the hadith refers to a happy and joyful day for Muslims. On this day, Muslims gather every week. The goodness stored on Fridays outweighs other days.

The Prophet said that “When Friday comes, take a bath”, is the Sunnah's recommendation to cleanse oneself on Friday. In Arabic, the word 'Falyaghtasil' is fi'il amr or the word of command.

The bathing commandment in the historical hadith of Abdullah ibn Abbas is also in harmony with the historical hadith of Samurah ibn Jundub RA, in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“I am not saying, but I am not sure if I am going to be a man, but I am going to tell you what I am going to do.”

“Whoever worships on Friday will be blessed. As for who bathes (on Friday), then it is more afdhal.”

Why is that? Because bathing is an act of totality in cleaning oneself and eliminating bad odors when attending meetings.

A Muslim is also encouraged to use perfumes or fragrances if they have any. In the hadith, the Prophet also alluded to the use of Shiwak, which means that it contains a message to refresh the mouth on Friday.

Siwak is the trunk of the arac tree, and among its benefits are cleaning the mouth and teeth, eliminating bad odors, and other benefits.

The practices contained in this hadith are some of the guidelines or sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad and also the customs that a Muslim should observe in performing Friday prayers.


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