Kamis 22 Apr 2021 22:54 WIB

President COP26 UNFCCC: Indonesia Climate Super Power

Indonesia maintains the ambitious target in the updated NDC.

 If the Arctic ice melts due to climate change, Indonesia is potentially affected. (illustration)
Foto: en.wikipedia.org
If the Arctic ice melts due to climate change, Indonesia is potentially affected. (illustration)

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Indonesia is known as super power country for climate change countermeasures. It was said by Alok Sharma, President Designate for the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) during virtual meeting with Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya, on Tuesday (23/3). The meeting was a British Government’s effort, as the host of COP26, to embrace related countries to support the event held from 1-12 November 2021.

The meeting discussed on some measures related to COP26 and steps to control climate change: (1) Partnership between UK and Indonesia; (2) Ambition to overcome climate change; (3) Adaptive measure towards climate change; and (4) British-Indonesia collaboration to prepare COP26.

Minister Siti appreciated the long cooperation between UK and Indonesia, such as the development of Timber Legality Verification System (SVLK) in terms of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT). Indonesia also appreciates the offers from British Government through Investment in Nature and Forests (INAFOR) program in nature-based solutions framework to support and maintain Indonesia’s success on lowering emission from deforestation and peatland.

Minister Siti explained how Indonesia prepare for COP26. “Until today, Indonesia has submitted some documents to United Nations Framework on Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC). It is drafted from a chain of national meeting involving related ministries and institutions as well as non-state actors,” she said. 

Indonesia has submitted 8 documents, starting from adaptive measures to nature-based financing. Indonesia also hopes to submit second Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and Long Term Strategy (LTS) this April.

The minister emphasizes that Indonesia maintains the ambitious initial target in the second NDC. It is listed in the first NDC, which is lower the emission by 29 percent independently and could be increase to 42 percent with international assistance, compared to the scenario of Business As Usual (BAU) in 2030. “With international support, we have more ambitious scenario through Low Carbon Compatible with Paris Agreement (LCCP),” Minister Siti said. In 2030, Indonesia will meet the condition as net carbon absorption in Forestry and Land Use (FOLU) sector. “We are planning to decrease the usage of coal gradually up to 60 percent in 2050. We will move forward to the condition with net zero emission in 2070,” Minister Siti said.

The updated NDC renews information on Government’s Vision and Indonesia Long Term Development, as well as detailing strategy toward adaptation and raising transparency. The updated NDC adds a new subject and strengthening the commitment by listing sea, wetlands (mangrove and peatlands) and residential area (in adaptive scenario). Moreover, Indonesia will rehabilitate 600.000 hectare of mangrove from 2021-2024.

Meanwhile, in energy sector, Indonesia plans to implement Carbon Captured Storage/Carbon Capture Utilization Storage (CCS/CCUS) technology, renewable energy, and bioenergy. “So, international assistance, both from private and business, will play an important role to meet out ambitious scenario, mainly on energy,” she said.

During the meeting, British counterpart said that the collaboration with Indonesia is one of the most important element of their success as the host od COP26. British Government expects the collaboration, such as join leadership in Forestry, Agriculture and Commodity Trade (FACT) dialogue, can be well conducted. As a follow up, there will be some technical discussion.

During the occasion, Alok Sharma was accompanied by Lord Zac Goldsmith (Minister for Pacific and the Environment at the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office [FCDO] and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs [DEFRA]), British Ambassador to Indonesia, British Climate Attaché in Jakarta, Senior Policy and Programme Adviser FCDO of British Embassy in Jakarta, and Climate Policy Manager of British Embassy in Jakarta. Meanwhile, Minister Siti Nurbaya was accompanied by Vice Minister of LHK Alue Dohong, Director General of Climate Change, Head of BLI, Ministry Expert Staff of Industry and International Trade, Ministry Expert of Foreign Affairs Development, and Head of Multilateral Relationship.

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