Selasa , 25 July 2017, 18:13 WIB

The Dynamics of Political Situation

Red: Agung Vazza
Antara/Yudhi Mahatma
Gedung MPR/DPR/DPD di Kompleks Parlemen Senayan, Jakarta. (ilustrasi)
Gedung MPR/DPR/DPD di Kompleks Parlemen Senayan, Jakarta. (ilustrasi)

By : Wildan Nasution *)

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, In line with  the  decreasing  image  of the New Order and   the     increasing  demand  based on the Reform Spirit the Political situation  of the country  has  led  the Group of Power  lead by PDI-P under the slogan of Reform to have pushed  Jokowi, the Mayor of Solo  to win  the election for the Governor  of Jakarta  in  the  year   of 2011   and   then  PDI-P was pushing him to win the Presidential Election  in 2014  and now PDI-P is  trying to push him as the Presidential Candidate of the Presidential Election of 2019.      

Incidentally  after the  Presidential Election in 2014 with President Jokowi as the winner to support him politically it was established   the Government Coalition    by PDI-P  supported by the Golkar Party, NASDEM Party and Hanura Party, mainly   in the House of Representative  to gain the Parliamentary support  for  any  Government Policy which is needed the Parliamentary approval. Later joining the Government Coalition were also PAN, PKB and PPP.   

Prabowo as the  rival of President Jokowi in the Presidential Election of 2014  decided  that  Gerindra   Party does not join the Government  Coalition or to create  The Opposition Group against the  President Jokowi Government, but Gerindra will be apparently  critical to the Government Policy to support the  implementation of the  national development better. Similar to Gerindra Party is also The Prosperous  Justice  Party (PKS).                                

Incidentally the moment of the Presidential Election in 2019 comes and  another  political  tension could be  unlikely avoided. However Prabowo is still demonstrating his soft, friendly and respecting President Jokowi so his Gerindra Party has been also act peacefully.

Apparently the political tension concerning the Presidential Election in 2019 could happen again both in the House of Representative and  moving out to the ground level if  the political  leaders are not working wisely and proportionally.

PDI-P has successfully  brought  Jokowi to win the Presidential Election of 2014    and now is trying  to push  Jokowi to win  his second term as the  President  of The Republic of Indonesia   in the Presidential  Election of 2019.

Likely PDI-P as the  Master of  the Game  who has  been successful to strengthen the Government Coalition and to keep The Golkar Party, NASDEM Party, HANURA, PKB and PPP supporting  the Government  coalition  PDI-P also has to change The Law on The General  Election  to  be  beneficial to President Jokowi. For this reason Minister of  Home Affairs, who is the  political cadre  of PDI-P is strongly  ask the House of Representative to amend the existing Law of the Presidential Election of 2014 but permanently implementing the Presidential Threshold of 20% seats or 25 % of national votes. 

Clearly in his  strategy   the  Law on Presidential Election of  2019  could create  the situation that  it should   be participated  only by Single Presidential  Candidate in  the  Presidential  Election of 2019,  namely Jokowi.

Definitely  The Minister of Home Affairs Tjahyo Kumolo  has to  design the  Bill  of   The Presidential  Threshold  of 20 % seats  or25 % of  the national vote to be approved by The House of Representative. 

His strategy has been approved by  The House of Representative but four Political Party Factions  (Gerindra, PAN, PKS and Democratic Parties)  declared as abstain and leaving the plenum meeting. With this action those four Political Party Faction ( Gerindra, PAN, PKS and Democratic Party)  are showing they do not   join the plenum meeting  and  left   the plenum meeting because  of abstain, it was not just walk out. In total  Gerindra, PAN, PKS and Democratic Parties  are out of any  responsibility  concerning to the decision.

Though Gerindra, PAN, PKS and Democratic Parties could not make legal complaint to the Constitutional Court  but  it is hoped the Constitutional Court will cancel the new Law on General Election which is just approved  by The House of Representative. On this situation,   Perluddem  is saying it will make the legal complaint concerning the Decision of The House of Representative which is considered  as  against  the  Law on the General Election. Perluddem is  a mass organization which is watching  the Law on the General Election.

One of the Perluddem activist, Lucius said The House of Representative is dealing  with  thousand of problems, but apparently all  of  those problems  are the political will  on  how  to get  more  power. Likely Lucius idea is in line with the political saying, which said  : Power tend to corrupt  and   absolute power corrupts absolutely.  

Defiitely  Perluddem is willing the Constitutional  Court to check whether  or not  the political power in the House of Representative to have been manipulated to get more power .

In conclusion the plenum meeting  of The House of Representative on Friday  July 21, 2017 could be noted : 

The plenum meeting of The House of Representative attended by  PDI-P,  Golkar Party, NASDEM Party, HANURA Party, PKB and PPP to have approved The new Law on General Election which is applying the Presidential Threshold of 20 % seats or 25 % of national vote is against The Law  on General Election and The presidential Election, because these  two National Event will be  held instantly.

The Political Parties  Faction of non- Government Coalition  (Gerindra, PKS, PAN and Democratic Parties )  were  leaving out of the  House of Representative building,  to show they are abstain, they do not make any decision whether agree or not. Abstain means it did not make any choice, they did not participate to the meeting and they did not commit to any responsible of the decision approved byte meeting. Political Parties of non-Goverrtnent Coalition  officially left the building   so that they are not responsible to the result of the meeting. The plenum meeting is only attended by Golkar Party, PDI -P, NASDEM Party, HANURA Party, PKB and PPP. 

PAN is definitely agree to support the Government of President Jokowi  in National Development  but PAN will not support President Jokowi as the Presidential Candidate in the Presidential  Election of 2019. Definitely Zulkifly Hasan the Chairmanof PAN  likely also feels  eligible to become the Presidential or Vice Presidential Candidate in the Presidential Election of  2019.

Analysts tend to predict if The Presidential Thresholt of 20 % seats or 25 % of national votes to be cancelled by the Constitutional Court there will be likely more than two pairs of Presidential Candidates in the Presidential Eletion of 2019.

One of the Perluddem activist, Lucius said The House of Representative is dealing  with  thousand of problems, but apparently all  of  those problems  are the will  on  how  to get  more  power. In the Political Life  it  is also  popular the word : Power tend to corrupt  and   absolute power corrupts absolutely.

Definitely Perluddem is  likely willing the Constitutional Court to check whether  or not  the political power in the House of Representative to have been manipulated their  power for the   higher power or to save their respective political interest.

Indonesian high Political Dynamic is indicating the existence of the high spirit of the Indonesian to struggle however it is hoped all what happened in the political field is purely arising  from the Indonesian Origine. 

*) Political and Security Observer at Cersia, Jakarta.

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