Rabu , 06 December 2017, 15:35 WIB

UN chief warns against unilateral action on Jerusalem status

Red: Reiny Dwinanda
Oded Balilty/AP
Palestinian people in the West Bank are protesting against US President Donald Trump's plan to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel on Wednesday (December 6).
Palestinian people in the West Bank are protesting against US President Donald Trump's plan to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel on Wednesday (December 6).

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, UNITED NATIONS -- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is waiting for a formal announcement from U.S. President Donald Trump concerning the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital city of Israel, and warns of consequences of doing so, said a UN spokesman on Tuesday.

"As a matter of principle, the secretary-general has said he has consistently warned against any unilateral action that would have the potential to undermine the two-state solution," Stephane Dujarric told a press briefing at UN Headquarters in New York.

He said the UN chief is waiting for a formal statement from Washington. "We've always regarded Jerusalem as a final-status issue that must be resolved through direct negotiations between the two parties (of Israelis and Palestinians) based on relevant Security Council resolutions," said Dujarric.

Trump told Israeli and Arab leaders on Tuesday that he intends to move the U.S. Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, a move that would potentially trigger unrest in the region.

Palestinians regard East Jerusalem, which was captured by Israel in the 1967 war, as the capital of their future state and the status of Jerusalem as a whole remains an issue to be resolved.

U.S. senior officials said Tuesday that U.S. President Donald Trump on Wednesday will recognize Jerusalem as the capital city of Israel and move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

Trump's move is likely to spark further tensions in the Middle East and undermine the U.S. standing as a peace mediator of the Palestine-Israel issue.

Trump "will recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel," the officials told reporters at a teleconference, explaining that the U.S. president "views this as a recognition of reality, both historical reality and ... modern reality."

Trump will also "direct the State Department to begin the process of moving the United States' embassy from its current location in Tel Aviv to a site in Jerusalem," said the officials on the condition of anonymity, adding this will take years to finish.

"That does not mean the embassy will move tomorrow," they said, adding that there are about 1,000 personnel in the Tel Aviv embassy. "It will take some time to find a site, address security concerns, design a new facility, find a new facility ... and build it, so this is not an instantaneous process."

Although the U.S. Congress passed the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 which required the relocation of the U.S. embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, former U.S. presidents, including George W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, consistently renewed a presidential waiver to delay the relocation out of consideration for national security interests.

The status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. So far, the international community does not recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and no foreign countries base their embassies in the city.

Sumber : Antara